What rights should be protected for students and teachers?


Everyone in the United States have rights that are supported by law. However, students and teachers are exempt from some laws when it comes to being at school. When at school students have rights taken away from them. When the student come to school each morning the school is regarded to “in loco parentis” which means the school has control of the students’ rights.  As for teachers they have rights to protect them when it comes to concerning representation, job security, extra duties, tenure, colleague conflicts, and parental issues.

When students are in school their rights are not the same as when they are outside of school. The rights have exceptions to them and somewhat are taken away from the students. The student gives up their rights from the 1st, 4th, and 8th Amendments when they walk in to school.  The rights that have exceptions in the 1st Amendment are that students do not have the freedom of press and freedom of speech is only a right if the student is not being disruptive, if the speech is disruptive or not is up to the teachers and administration at the school.  Right from the 1st Amendment that is protected for student is the freedom of religion. Students can maintain their religious rights in school, school clubs, and school activities. Employees of the school cannot promote or degrade any religion.  The 4th Amendment states that search and seizure cannot happen without a warrant and a warrant is not issued unless there is probable cause. However, when a student is in school search ad seizures can be done if there is reasonable suspicion.  Cruel and unusual punishment falls under the 8th Amendment, K-12 students do not have cruel and unusual punishment rights in schools. It is up to the state to decide this right. While all these rights have been test in the courts, which have determined if student have them or not, I think some of them are unreasonable and should be changed to protect our students. I think that some things could be taken too far such as searches and seizures, and cruel and unreasonable punishment.  In the case Safford v. Redding (2008) a 8th grade girl was stripped search with reasonable suspicion of having prescription ibuprofen. I think this is taking it too far even though the courts disagreed. The schools reason was that they were protecting other children in the school, however the girl being search was not being protected by anyone and was put in a very vulnerable situation. Another right I feel should be protected for students are the 8th Amendment.  Corporal punishment is allowed in schools where the state allows it.  I think this is inhumane and uncalled for. Children should feel safe in school and while they may be a need for discipline it can be done in other ways. I also think it is not right because a child could be being abused at home and then if they are given corporal punishment at school they will have no safe place to seek help.

Teachers have rights in place that protect them from problems that could arise on a daily basis.  These rights have to do with representation, job security, extra duties, tenure, colleague conflicts, and parental issues.  Representation gives teachers the right to bring someone into meetings with administration if you suspect it may be disciplinary in nature. Job security and tenure help teacher to secure jobs of teachers, “school must show cause in order to dismiss a teacher who has tenure status. Some state statutes provide a list of circumstances where a school may dismiss a teacher. These circumstances are similar to those in which a state agency may revoke a teacher’s certification” (Clara LT, 2014).  Extra duties may be asked of teachers, when presented with these duties teachers are legally allowed to ask to have time to consider taking on the responsibilities and are able to contact their local union for advice. Teachers may also contact their union representative when there is a colleague conflict to help address the situation with administration. When dealing with students’ parents conflict may arise. Keeping a written record of the contact with the parents is helpful when it comes to any conflicts and having another professional from the school present in meetings. I think that there are good laws in place to help protect teachers. There can always be more that could be done but this issue can always be brought to the attention of the local teachers union and they can help the teachers fin their rights.


Clara Lt. (2014). When Things Go Wrong: Your Rights as a Teacher. http://www.edutopia.org/discussion/when-things-go-wrong-your-rights-teacher

Goldstein, D. (2014). The Teacher Wars: A History of America’s Most Embattled Profession. Doubleday.

Krutka, D. (2015). Education foundations. Retrieved from  https://educationalfoundations.wordpress.com/

Zirkel, P. A. (1993). Academic Freedom: Professional or Legal Right?.Educational Leadership, 50(6), 42-43.


How can instruction be differentiated for diverse learners?

Not all people learn or show their intelligence in the same way. I think that it is teachers’ jobs to find a way to instruct diverse learners in a way where they can understand and comprehend the material.  When the needs of the learners are better met and the teaching style is changed this is called differentiation. Differentiation is required by law for those with disabilities, Individualized Education Plan  (IEP), and for students who are English Language Learners.  While it is the law that differentiation is done for these students, it could benefit so many more students. Students would greatly benefit from if  multiple intelligence,personal learning styles, strengths, and weaknesses were considered when it comes to differentiation. I feel that it is very important to present information that is being learned in the best possible way for every student. I think that how the student learns the information is important when it comes tot he student remembering that information.

Away that differentiation could be used for all students is if each had something similar to the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) that is in place for students’ with disabilities.  Just like the LRE for students with disabilities, every student could have a plan written out for when they are struggling with a certain subject or topic. An aid or teacher would then be able to present the information in a way that the student may comprehend better or provide hands on experiences. Now this is wishful thinking because for every student to have a written out plan would be very time consuming and schools most likely would not want to take that much time out of their days to create that plan.

Another way instruction can be differentiated for diverse learns would be to have the students take a quick simple version of the Multiple Intelligences quiz and see what ways each students learn best. The teacher could then write this in their folders or on note cards and group the children who learn in similar ways together. Then as the students go through stations the teacher can present the information in a way that is best for that group of students. It could also give the teacher multiple ways the student may learn that way he/she can present the information to the student in different effective ways until the student understands. It could also be helpful for the students to know which way they learn best for future reference or to manipulate the information they are learning a different way to help themselves better understand it.

I think since everyone can be classified as a diverse learn differentiation should take place for everyone. I think there are many creative ways to make that happen. There just needs to be a better understanding of why its needed  to make it happen.


Barrett, L. (2013). Seamless Teaching: Navigating the Inclusion Spectrum.     Teaching Tolerance, 52(43), 53-55.

Krutka, D. (2015). Education foundations. Retrieved from  https://educationalfoundations.wordpress.com/

Early Public Schools: Ed Foundations Unit One


      This week my education foundation class discussed the origin of public schools and what the purpose of public schools is. Before this week I, just like many people, assumed that pubic education was a right that was written into the Constitution, However, this is not true. As stated in Teacher Wars by Dana Goldstein (2014) ” The U.S. Constitution did not mention education as a right (it still doesn’t), and school attendance was not compulsory” (p. 13).  People who valued education had to push to get education for everyone and to get schools to the place they are today.

     Thomas Jefferson drafted a declaration to offer people three years of education along making  further education available to certain group such as upper class males. The people he wanted to have access to three years of schooling was white males and females. Ever time this was brought to a vote it was defeated. Public education was not a priority for the country and it was left as a state issue and choice.  The early schools in america were only available to white children and the school curriculum was based solely on religion. These schools were organized by the town councils, churches, charitable societies, and in the very rural areas they schools were organized by neighbors. The school was only in session twelve weeks out of the year and were on large room. In the 1830’s the common school began to emerge. Two people who had a great deal to do with the rise of the common schools are Catherine Beecher and Horace Mann. Both of these individuals valued education greatly. I feel that Catherine Beecher also played a role in early feminism, even thought she was against the woman’s right movement, because she found a way for women to further their education. Beecher realized that teaching is something women could do that did not exceed the boundaries of the religious aspects of peoples’ lives back then.  She then started the Hartford Female Seminary which allowed women to further their education in subjects that were not normally offered to women in that time. Beecher made sure that there was hands on learning and lots of field trips to help the women learn. The women who went to the Hartford Female Seminary went on to become missionary teachers in the school that Beecher and Mann played a role in getting started.  Mann helped to lead a push in 1837 to form a state board of education to over see local schools  in Massachusetts. After a lot of work done to get the board and funding approved Massachusetts was the first state to have the common schools and mandatory antecedence for children.

     A question posed by the course work this week is, what is the purpose of public schools? I think a main purpose of public schools is to give equal opportunity for all children to have an education. Before the common public schools everyone did not have the opportunity to education, even the basics. This was because the schools focused mostly on religion and thing to get the children by as well as most school charging some money in return for the child’s education. Our country was based on freedom and public schools allowed their to be freedom of education. Along with giving equal opportunities for education the public schools allowed for the gap between the poor and the wealthy. Another reason for public schools was is that so everyone in our country gets an education to a certain degree for free. I think that educators and future educators need to know how hard people had to work for there to be public schools for primary education for everyone. I think if we as educators were aware of this maybe there would be a larger passion for fixing our public schools and making them the best they can be for the students.


Brackemyre, T. (n.d.). Education to the Masses: The Rise of Public Education in    Early America. U.S. History Scene [blog post]. Retrieved from     http://ushistoryscene.com/article/rise-of-public-education/

Goldstein, D. (2014). The Teacher Wars: A History of America’s Most Embattled    Profession. New York, NY: Doubleday.

Krutka, D. (2015). Education foundations. Retrieved from  https://educationalfoundations.wordpress.com/

About Me


Hello Everyone,

My name is Hannah Meyer, and I am studying special education at Texas Woman’s University. My hobby is photography, my favorite type of photography is street photography and I also love to take pictures of my cat. I grew up all over the world and moved every two to three years ,  because my father is in the military,  until I settled in Denton to go to college three years ago. I was homeschooled from elementary school through high school except for one semester in high school that I attended a public school.  I believe that I have gained many life experiences from being able to live all over the world and being homeschooled in all of the places I lived. It allowed me to gain knowledge and appreciation of other cultures. It has also allowed me to become a very open minded individual which gives me the opportunity to appreciate other peoples opinions about topics and issues.  I have always had a passion for helping other and teaching. I participated in the Ready Set Teach program all through High School and have volunteered since a young age. I am now the Director of Education and Advocacy for Texas Woman’s University Helping Hands Service Ambassadors. I am also a active member in my sorority Sigma Sigma Sigma that focuses on building women of character.

DSC_0197(picture I took of my cat)

I aspire to become a special education teacher for elementary school. I also hope to go to graduate school for deaf education or special education to further my own education. I also would like to join Teach For America or the Peace Corp at some point in my teaching career. I would like to do one of those things because I have a strong passion for helping those in need and I believe everyone should have access to education from a school that has a strong base.  I hope to make learning fun for my students and have a classroom where my students feel accepted for who they are. I also hope to incorporate nature into my classroom because I feel it is important for the new generations to spend time outdoors and away from electrics for awhile. I look forward to creating an interactive classroom that supports each of my students individual learning styles because I believe that it is very important to provide information in ways that your students respond to best.